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References:
CIA World Fact Book 1 August, 2008

Geography:
Country name: long form: Republic of South Africa
short form: South Africa
former: Union of South Africa
abbreviation: RSA, SA
Capital: Pretoria (administrative capital)
geographic coordinates: 29 12 S, 28 10 E
time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
note:
Cape Town (legislative capital)
Bloemfontein (judicial capital)
Provinces and capitals: (9) Eastern Cape:  Bisho
Free State:  Bloemfontein
Gauteng:  Johannesburg
KwaZulu-Natal:  Pietermaritzburg
Limpopo:  Polokwane
Mpumalanga:  Nelspruit
North-West:  Mafikeng
Northern Cape:  Kimberley
Western Cape:  Cape Town
Country code: ZA
Area: land: 1,219,912 sq km
water: 0 sq km
note:
includes Prince Edward Islands
(Marion Island and Prince Edward Island)
Borders: Countries:
Botswana 1,840 km
Lesotho 909 km
Mozambique 491 km
Namibia 967 km
Swaziland 430 km
Zimbabwe 225 km
note:
South Africa completely surrounds Lesotho and almost completely surrounds Swaziland
Coastline: 2,798 km
 
Economy:
Currency (code): rand (ZAR)

Exchange rates:
 
rand per US dollar
7.05 (2007)
6.7649 (2006)
6.3593 (2005)
6.4597 (2004)
7.5648 (2003)
10.5407 (2002)
GDP - real growth rate: 3.1% (2011 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $11,100 (2011 est.)
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 2.5%
industry: 31.6%
services: 65.9% (2011 est.)
Oil - production: 192,100 bbl/day (2010 est.)
Oil - consumption: 553,000 bbl/day (2010 est.)
Oil - exports: 54,930 bbl/day (2009 est.)
Oil - imports: 521,400 bbl/day (2009 est.)
 
Government:
Head of state: President Jacob Zuma
Ruling party: African National Congress (ANC)
National holiday: Freedom Day, 27 April (1994)
Independence: 31 May 1910 (from UK)
(South Africa became a republic in 1961)
SA Map
 
People:
Population: 48,810,427 (July 2012 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 28.5%
(male 6,998,726/female 6,959,542)
15-64 years: 65.8%
(male 16,287,314/female 15,972,046)
65 years and over: 5.7%
(male 1,125,709/female 1,660,694)
(2011 est.)
Population growth rate: -0.412% (2012 est.)
Population Density:  36 per km˛

Life expectancy:
total population: 49.41 years
male: 50.34 years
female: 48.45 years (2012 est.)
Ethnic groups: black 79%
white 9.6%
coloured 8.9%
Indian/Asian 2.5% (2001 census)
Religions: Zion Christian 11.1%
Pentecostal/Charismatic 8.2%
Catholic 7.1%
Methodist 6.8%
Dutch Reformed 6.7%
Anglican 3.8%
other Christian 36%
Islam 1.5%
other 2.3%
unspecified 1.4%
none 15.1% (2001 census)
Languages:
(11 official)
IsiZulu 23.8%
IsiXhosa 17.6%
Afrikaans 14.3%
Sepedi 9.4%
English 8.6%
Setswana 8.2%
Sesotho 7.9%
Xitsonga 4.4%
Swati 2.6%
Venda 1.7%
Ndebele 1.5%
Literacy: total population: 86.4%
(definition: age 15 and over can read and write)
 
General:
Airports:  728 (2007)
Roadways: total: 362,099 km
paved: 73,506 km
(including 239 km of expressways)
unpaved: 288,593 km (2002)
Internet country code:  .za
Internet users: 5.1 million (2005)

 

South African FlagFlag description:
two equal width horizontal bands of red (top) and blue separated by a central green band which splits into a horizontal Y, the arms of which end at the corners of the hoist side; the Y embraces a black isosceles triangle from which the arms are separated by narrow yellow bands; the red and blue bands are separated from the green band and its arms by narrow white stripes.

References: CIA World Fact Book 1 August, 2008


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